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Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
past IACCs



The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers

Abstracts of presentations

Day 1, Workshop 3,

Albarran, Elvira / Moreno Ramirez, Veronica D.:
Society Facing Corruption

This article suggests that the phenomenon of corruption occurs because of different reasons, but mainly due to the administrative inefficiencies of political and economic services, which in turn translate into social deficiencies. Today, there is a disparity between capital accumulation processes and formal and institutional legal procedures, which contribute to imbalance factors that favour economic crises. Then, measures against corruption are mentioned, emphasising that the best way to fight is attacking its causes: inequalities.

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Armendares, Pedro Enrique:
Periodismo y corrupción : nuevas herramientas para viejos problemas

The Centre of Investigative Journalism, headed by Mr.Armendares, is a network of investigative journalists which aims to increase co-operation among members of the profession in order to improve professional journalism for the benefit of the public in México and Latin America. He described the mission of investigative journalists as "putting things together in order to show how they function and how people behave in a society in crisis". After outlining the social, legal and political context in Latin America, which severely restricts investigative journalism, Mr. Armendares concentrated on the possible tools investigative journalists could use under such circumstances. Mr. Armendares stressed the importance of going beyond the immediate scandal by trying to obtain, analyse, evaluate and publish information. In this connection, he pointed out the necessity of gaining knowledge of the specific national legislation related to access to information and making full use of it. In the same way, journalists should know about international legal instruments and lobby for their implementation. Journalists should take advantage of the increase of information made available through advances in information technology. In his concluding remarks, Mr.Armendares emphasised the need to establish relations of trust with public officials, colleagues in the media and civil society organisations.

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Ferreiro Y., Alejandro:
Money, Politics and Transparency: The Democratic Imperative to Fight Corruption

Corruption is today the only threat comparable to the crises of basic consensus and political violence that led to the democratic breakdown in the 60s in its corrosive and destabilising capacity over republican institutions. Even though Chile presents the lowest levels of corruption in Latin America, it is not immune to this phenomenon. The best way to neutralise efforts in favour of public probity is by politicising the debate. Additionally, corruption is not a fatality, public policy can influence decisively in fighting corruption by decreasing the benefits and increasing the costs of incurring in corrupt practices. Finally, public transparency seems to be the most efficient, democratic and effective way to fight corruption.

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Schloss, Miguel:
Combatiendo la Corrupción: Del Dicho al Hecho... Reduciendo el Trecho

This article underlines the increasing consensus over the need to fight corruption. Sustained economic progress in Latin America depends critically on the reduction of the levels of corruption. Today, civil society, private sector, governments, and multilateral institutions are all conscientious of the importance of fortifying the transparency of the public and private management. Nevertheless, despite the rhetoric of the last five years and this general consensus, only few countries have demonstrated the capacity to act concretely, coherently and effectively. If this situation persists, there is a risk that anticorruption efforts would be displaced by other preoccupations, undermining economic programmes, government legitimacy, and improvements on the standard of living of the population in general. For this reason, in order to continue developing, Latin America needs to commit to the fight of corruption by eliminating anything that foments corruption.

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