The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference
Using Information and Media to Strengthen Public and Private
The Role of Investigative Reporting
Corruption in the Philippines
Executive Director, Philippine Centre for Investigative Journalism
- The Philippines ranks among the top 10 most corrupt countries (1996
- The public suffers from corruption: inadequate public
services; breakdown of law & order; expensive goods & services
- Government efforts are not sufficient & anti-corruption bodies lack
teeth & are often subject to pressure
- Government seldom takes action
unless there is media and public attention
Investigative Reporting Techniques
- In-depth, long-term research &
- Documentary research & the use of public & private records
- Extensive interviewing
- Crime-solving techniques (e.g. undercover reporting)
Investigative reporting makes an impact by
- Reversing policy
- Causing the resignation/firing of erring officials
- Focusing attention previously neglected issues & areas
- Enriching public debate
Most often, investigative reporting involves investigating wrongdoing
by individuals or institutions.
- Who is responsible for the
- How was it done?
- What are the consequences?
- What can be done about it?
Robbed: An investigation of corruption in Philippine education
- Payoffs eat up 20 to 65% of textbook funds. Because of corruption,
textbook: pupil ratio is only 1:6.
- Under-deliveries range from 30 to
60% of the total contract. The ratio of school desks is 1 for every 5
- Overpricing of education supplies reaches as much as 1000%
Benefits of Investigative Reporting:
- Investigative reporting helps
raise the standards of journalism by forcing journalists to hone
research and reporting skills.
- Investigative reporting helps sell
newspapers and news programmes.
- Investigative reporting widens the
scope of journalistic freedom and opens new avenues of access to
- Investigative reporting enhances the capacity of the
media to play a watchdog role.
- Investigative reporting makes people
angry. Outrage makes change possible.
- The current crisis creates fresh opportunities for investigative reporting.
- Traditional media audiences are demanding more.
- New audiences are being created by democratization & crisis.
- There is a global constituency for more transparency & information access.
Building an environment conducive to investigative reporting by...
- Supporting the publication or airing of investigative reports.
- Conducting seminars to sharpen skills and widen perspectives.
- Producing books & manuals on investigative reporting
Building a conducive environment by...
- Making officials and institutions accustomed to an inquisitive press.
- Creating an audience for investigative reports.