The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference
Abstracts of presentations
Day 4, Workshop 3
Balala, Najieb :
Ethical Local Government: The Mombasa Experience
The paper describes the condition of most local authorities in
Kenya today, based on the author's experience as former Major of
Mombasa, Kenya. He attributes the current situation to
characteristics of Local Government institutions, that are not
responsive to public demands and where the wishes of council
politicians and bureaucrats are prioritised at the expense of the
tax payer and the poor voter.
Dhungal, Ramesh :
Bhaktapur - Integrity Pact Case Study
The paper outlines the agreement concluded between Bhaktapur
municipality and Transparency International Nepal in February 26,
1999 for the implementation of the first local government
Integrity Pact. Models of the formal documents and agreements for
the Integrity Pact are attached as Annexes.
Nelson, Mike :
The Challenge of Implementing Codes of Conduct in Local Government Authorities
From the perspective of a consultant, the paper analyses the
necessary elements of introducing an effective Code of Conduct in
Local Government Authorities. Different types of codes are
discussed, as well as different approaches to formulating a code.
Crucial elements of the effective implementation of a code are:
Corporate, Strategic and Operating Planning Processes and
Leadership. There are several operational areas where a well
developed Code of Conduct can enhance organisational performance,
including: procurement and supply; human resource management; and
customer service. Finally, the paper suggests means of dealing
with breaches of the Code.
Paul, Karen :
The Miami Process
The paper describes how corruption in Miami became a popular
issue and how it was dealt with within local government. After
the natural disaster of Hurricane Andrew in 1992, serious
corruption in construction and in other sectors came to light
which sensitised the public to issues of maladministration.
Coupled with economic decline after the disaster and a rise of
Hispanic dominance in local politics, the reputation of the city
suffered drastically. The paper analyses how this situation
galvanised politicians and the community into action on reform.
It describes the measures and initiatives taken by the local
government institutions and civil society to introduce a concern
for ethics into the community.