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Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers

Abstracts of presentations

Day 4, Workshop 3

Balala, Najieb :
Ethical Local Government: The Mombasa Experience

The paper describes the condition of most local authorities in Kenya today, based on the author's experience as former Major of Mombasa, Kenya. He attributes the current situation to characteristics of Local Government institutions, that are not responsive to public demands and where the wishes of council politicians and bureaucrats are prioritised at the expense of the tax payer and the poor voter.

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Dhungal, Ramesh :
Bhaktapur - Integrity Pact Case Study

The paper outlines the agreement concluded between Bhaktapur municipality and Transparency International Nepal in February 26, 1999 for the implementation of the first local government Integrity Pact. Models of the formal documents and agreements for the Integrity Pact are attached as Annexes.

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Nelson, Mike :
The Challenge of Implementing Codes of Conduct in Local Government Authorities

From the perspective of a consultant, the paper analyses the necessary elements of introducing an effective Code of Conduct in Local Government Authorities. Different types of codes are discussed, as well as different approaches to formulating a code. Crucial elements of the effective implementation of a code are: Corporate, Strategic and Operating Planning Processes and Leadership. There are several operational areas where a well developed Code of Conduct can enhance organisational performance, including: procurement and supply; human resource management; and customer service. Finally, the paper suggests means of dealing with breaches of the Code.

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Paul, Karen :
The Miami Process

The paper describes how corruption in Miami became a popular issue and how it was dealt with within local government. After the natural disaster of Hurricane Andrew in 1992, serious corruption in construction and in other sectors came to light which sensitised the public to issues of maladministration. Coupled with economic decline after the disaster and a rise of Hispanic dominance in local politics, the reputation of the city suffered drastically. The paper analyses how this situation galvanised politicians and the community into action on reform. It describes the measures and initiatives taken by the local government institutions and civil society to introduce a concern for ethics into the community.

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